What are they and why do we need them? Well, I think of learning outcomes as a destination. Think of your students getting on an airplane. You are going to pilot the airplane to a destination. What is the first question they are going to ask?
“Teacher, Where are we going?” And, what is the second question? “What are we going to do there?”
How do you answer these questions?
How many people do you know who get on an airplane and have no idea where they are going, why they are going there, or what they will do once they get there?